Social. Political. Economic. Career| Seyed Ibrahim

Serious issues & ideas. Trusted Sources.

Inapproprite Attitudes Towards Hadeeths

with 2 comments

1. We have some good Muslims who will accept anything that’s quoted as Hadith or Qur’an. Recently I saw a message which said “Holy Qur’an: Pray before you are being prayed upon”. We all have read this “Pray before you are being prayed upon” on posters, email etc. But, where in the Qur’an this is written? So, anybody can utter anything, and claim that is in Qur’an? Can this get any worse?

2. There is another group of good Muslims who believe that anyone is capable of interpreting hadiths. Their anguish is based on the perception that some Aalims are not conveying the truth, that those Aalims aren’t giving importance to hadiths.

#1: Quoting / Believing “Hadeeths” without sources (No reference to the Book, or the Imam who recorded it)

Q: What did Imams Maalik, Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim [May Allaah be pleased with them all] etc do?

A: They spent their lifetime collecting Hadeeths, analyzing their Isnaad [chain of narrators] and matn [text], categorizing them, recording them and teaching them.

Q: Why did they do that?

A: So that the Muslims can distinguish the true/good hadeeths from fake / fabricated or weak hadeeths. If we think it is not important to distinguish between weak and strong hadeeths, or if there is no problem in accepting fabricated / fake hadeeths, then we are implying that these Imams didn’t know better – “We know Islam better. In Islam, there is no difference among strong, weak and fake hadeeths”.

If we don’t want to give the source / book name, or if we accept everything that is quoted as “hadeeth”, then what we are saying is “We DON’T CARE ABOUT THEIR WORKS. Yes, they spent time to identify strong and weak hadeeths, but we love to hear fake hadeeths”.

Many Aalims / Moulavis claim to love and respect the Imams, but don’t give the sources for hadeeths or other narrations.  Please convey to them “If you really respect them, then quote them. They worked so hard, but you don’t even want to tell us which of them recorded that? We trust you, respected Alim. But then, there are other people who tell Weak (Daeef) hadeeths. We can’t ask them to tell their sources / books, if you don’t tell the names of Imam or the hadeeth book”

The first consequence of love is commitment. If i say “I love my mother”, then i should be talking to her, be with her, help her etc. That’s my commitment.

Allah Almighty says, “Say: ‘If you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will love you and forgive you for your wrong actions, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (3:31). It is a lie if someone says “I love Allah”, but doesn’t follow His commands given via Prophet.

Similarly, saying “I love Sahabas, Tabieens, Imams etc” is hollow if we don’t respect their works.

#2: Random reading of Hadeeths

A  few points to the good-intentioned brothers who read hadeeths from books & internet, and start to discuss fiqh rulings based on them.

1) You don’t know Arabic. How do you know the translation of the Hadeeth is complete?

2) Do you know if the hadeeth is authentic or not?

3) Do you know if the hadeeth was abrogated (Mansookh) or abrogating (Naasikh)?

4) Is that hadeeth applicable to all times, or specific to the people, time or place?

5) What if there is another stronger hadeeth that seem to contradict this hadeeth?

6) What if Quranic verses and hadeeths seem to contradict one another? How would you reconcile them? Or, which one would you pick?

and, many more.Hope the point is clear. Let’s not get into areas where we have no knowledge.

Does that mean we should leave our religion to Aalims, and blindly follow them? Absolutely NOT. Read the Qur’aan, understand that, read hadeeths, learn how to do Da’wah, read authentic Islamic books / websites, ask questions, read fatwas etc. Do all these things to learn our Lord, our Prophet, to get guidance, to know our history, to improve our character, to know how our predecessors lived etc. Just don’t assume that we can be a Mujtahid (capable to infer rulings from foundational sources), or a Mufassir (Explainer of Qur’aan), or a Muhaddith (Hadeeth expert) without long years of study and research.

A good scholar won’t shout at you when you ask questions. Of course, if the topic requires an understanding of some other topics / things, he can’t teach all of them in a day. You have to enrol in a degree program to learn.

The Imaams have written some hadeeth books for common Muslims. For example, Riyadhus Saliheen, 40 Hadeeths of Nawawi ( You can learn this at http://www.islamiconlineuniversity.com/opencampus/) etc. There are abridged Tafseers that suit ordinary Muslims, but then there are some that are suited only for those who are highly proficient in certain areas, like Arabic Linguistics. Qurtubi’s tafseer goes in-depth into Fiqh matters. Do you think we can understand that?

Saheeh Bukhari wasn’t written for casual reading. Saheehs were compiled after a lot of problems and divisions occurred among the ummah. Here is a quote from the “Evolution of Fiqh” by Dr. Bilal Philips.

“Focusing on Hadeeth to resolve the problems of Fiqh, great scholars of Hadeeth like Imaam al-Bukhaaree (810-870 CE) and Imaam Muslim (817-875 CE) went to great pains to collect from all possible sources authentic Hadeeths of the Prophet (s.w.) and Athars of the Sahaabah. These, they arranged in chapters according to the format established by the Fiqh scholars. The initiator of this trend was the last of the major Imaams, Ahmad ibn Hambal, who compiled the most extensive work of Hadeeth called al-Musnad. Both Imaam al-Bukhaaree and Imaam Muslim were among his students”
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Written by S Ibrahim

Nov 8, 2010 at 11:58 pm

2 Responses

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  1. MashaAllah…An Informative blog. May Allah(swt) reward you and your family for this.

    muhumin

    Nov 22, 2010 at 1:12 am

  2. Dear brother, our ummah has different approaches. Muslims in the Arab world have some good knowledge of basic stuff so you can’t fool around with them. Muslims in the west (US & Europe) are new & they take things based on logic & reasoning & they don’t follow it blindly. They read, take time to understand & then follow. But the others, esp. those in the Indian sub-continent are used to listening to scholars (Imams in masjids) & totally agree to whatever they say b’coz they think that the scholars are the only people who have access to Quran & Sunnah & we should just blindly follow them.

    Your email was an eye-opener. Many a times I receive emails without any source whether it is Quran, Hadith, Fiqh, Current Affairs, etc. The habit hasn’t changed! Without forwarding it any further I immediately reply asking the sender for authenticity/source & most of the time there’s no response!

    As an e.g., today morning I read a hadith sent in TAFAREG (don’t want to mention the details) which had just 3 lines in Tamil. When I casually referred (bcoz I dont do it always) to the original source in English, to my surprise, it was quite a long hadith. Unfortunately a reader might argue with someone keeping in mind that what he read was complete.

    Allah says in the Holy Quran in Ch 13 V 11:

    For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the Command of Allah. Verily! Allah will not change the good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and disobedient to Allah). But when Allah wills a peoples punishment, there can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector.

    A couple of points – real-time:

    1. Once I came across an email by Tariq Sweidan about the no of times some words appear in the quran. When i did a personal research, only 3 out of 47 words turned out to be correct. I may be wrong & its Allah who knows best.

    2. If asked about the total no of verses in the Quran, all of us will jump to say 6666 which is wrong. We have the quran & we have the no of verses in each chapter, it will hardly tak 15 mins max to calculate but have we ever don that.

    These are the works of Satan. Refer Ch 15 V 39

    (Iblees (Satan)) said: “O my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for
    them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all.

    Let’s make dua that Allah bless our Ummah with right knowledge! Guess, I have not hurt you anyway, these are my thoughts!

    We have a LONG WAY TO GO! Lots of duas

    Muzammil

    Nov 22, 2010 at 5:57 pm


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